South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa, is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe, to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland) and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.
According to Protected Planet (2020), there are 1600 protected areas in South Africa that cover 8.4% of the terrestrial realm and 14.6% of the marine realm.
South Africa is home to 31 globally threatened mammal species and 54 globally threatened bird species, as well as 40 endemic mammal species and 18 endemic bird species. The national mammal is the springbok and the national bird is the blue crane.