The Eswatini National Trust Commission was established by Act No. 9 of 1972, with later amendments, made effective from 27 July 1973.
Cultural Heritage The Museum, National Monuments and Archaeology departments are responsible for the protection of Eswatini's cultural heritage.
Natural Heritage The Wildlife/Parks Department is responsible for the conservation of wildlife and biodiversity. The department is responsible for conserving the country's natural ecosystems, its plant and animal life, and promoting the wise utilisation of these resources. Its objectives are:
.to establish and maintain national parks, nature reserves and other protected areas .to create and promote environmental awareness within the general public .to promote conservation activities outside protected areas, and to advise, promote and facilitate community managed activities that improve the quality of life while reducing undesirable impacts on the environment .to promote and provide advice on ecological research and monitoring.
In order to achieve these objectives, there are four sections under this department, namely Parks/Biodiversity Management, Environmental Education, Community Outreach and Ecology/Research.
The programmes operated by this department, although focused mainly on existing protected areas, also extend to communities as the ENTC has the responsibility for the protection of Swaziland's biodiversity.
The Eswatini's National Trust Commission is the parastatal organisation responsible for the conservation of nature and the cultural heritage of the Kingdom of Eswatini.
MISSION STATEMENT To conserve the natural and cultural heritage of Eswatini through sustainable utilisation of these resources and promotion of environmental awareness throughout the nation.
Cultural Heritage The activities carried out by the Eswatini National Trust Commission with regard to the country's cultural heritage include the operation of the national museum, as well as national monuments, which include the King Sobhuza II Park. Archaeology also falls under the Eswatini National Trust Commission; the archaeology department, in the past, has been responsible for excavations at various locations in the country.
Natural Heritage With regard to Eswatini's biodiversity, the Eswatini National Trust Commission is not only responsible for running the country's nature reserves, it also carries out a variety of activities to promote the conservation of Swaziland's flora and fauna throughout the country. These include environmental education and community outreach programmes.
The objectives of the Eswatini National Trust Commission are to: .Preserve natural and cultural heritage .Continue to develop nature conservation in the country .Create awareness and educate the public on conservation of natural and cultural heritage . Promote tourism relating to the natural and cultural heritage of the country .Implementation of all activities relating to biodiversity conservation, including responsibilities as recognised by the Eswatini Environmental Authority and other government bodies .Implementation of other biodiversity related legislation
It is important to ensure that all ENTC's activities have a minimum negative impact on the long term conservation of the natural and cultural heritage. The ENTC has a vital role to play in enhancing the quality of life in Swaziland, through conservation of its natural and cultural heritage, in the long term. ENTC's responsibilities are on a national level and are not restricted to existing ENTC managed areas.